Thursday, January 16, 2020

Boundaries in a dual relationship Essay

What does it mean to have boundaries in a relationship? In the profession of counseling, there is a code of ethics that guides counseling in standards that are required. The code of ethics is designed by The American Counseling Association to protect and serve clients and counselors. Boundaries can include small things such as gifts, outside of the office meeting, eating lunch, and of course physical touch, sexual relations and personally networking socially. A dual relationship can be defined as both therapeutic and personal when it comes to the relationships that occur between counselor and client (Pearson, B & Piazza N). Although they are relatively easy to define, it can be considered difficult when legality and ethics are involved. In order to integrate certain criteria into an ethical decision-making model, one must first understand what is ethically appropriate in the world of counseling. Nearly most of the common types of dual relationships exist because there is a lack of ju dgment on the professional side (AASCB American Association of Studies Counseling). By integrating an ethical decision-making model, both counselors and clients can grasp on the indication of whether dual relationships are ethical and/or appropriate. Information-Gathering is a valuable and reliable source for a first step in decision making model. Counselors need to understanding that all of the facts, data, scientific insights, laws and reliable information is imperative and needs to be put together in the right way before making any assumptions. Determining the nature and dimensions of the dilemma can lead to an ethical decision making resolution. Ethical decisions; even those decisions that may be small, having a clear conceptual clarity in regards to what the boundaries are for a client and a counselor is imperative. In the ACA Code of Ethics, if counselors extend boundaries such as going to a client’s graduation or wedding then it must be officially documented in writing before the event that added the rationale for such an interaction. The ACA code of Ethics is a document by which professionals in the world of Counseling used for determining standards and laws. For example if a counselor finds out that her daughter was dating the son of a marriage couple she is counseling in her group sessions. With this kind of case the complexity of issues around dual relationships is not exactly clear. The first step in this case should be to consult with a supervisor. The relationship between the daughter and son is meaningless in the long run.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Okonkwo The Power Hungry Warrior in Things Fall Apart

Okonkwo, The Tragic Hero The novel, Things Fall Apart, takes place in a Lower Nigerian village of Iguedo and Mbanta and is centered around a man by the name of Okonkwo. Okonkwo, the protagonist, is introduced as the most renowned warrior of all tribes who brought great honor to his tribe by becoming the top wrestler of the villages. Throughout the book, Chinua Achebe expresses Okonkwo as a man whose obsession with power is what ultimately leads him to failing in attempts to obtain that power through his role as a farmer, the actions towards his family, and his actions towards the new civilization of the village. When introducing the protagonist, Achebe makes Okonkwo’s thirst for power and status very apparent not just through his†¦show more content†¦He had hoped to be praised for his authority in his family, but instead was frowned upon and punished for his crime. Not only is this idea of a power hungry man seen of his role in his family, but also in his actions upon the return to his father land after being exiled for seven years for accidently killing his friend’s son. The third example that shows Okonkwo and his obsession with power can be in his action when returning to his father land. Before returning to his father land, Okonkwo had big plans for how he would rise to power and even surpass the status he had before he was exiled. Unfortunately, when he returned he accomplished little to nothing. Instead, returns to a land that has been colonized by what he calls the â€Å"albinos†. In an act to try and assert dominance, Okonkwo, after being released from prison, tries to gather the village and rebel against the white men, which excites him. This can be shown in the book when the narrator said,† Okonkwo slept very little that night. The bitterness in his heart was now mixed with a kind of childlike excitement; before he had gone to bed he had brought down his war dress, which he had not touched since his return from exile.† (Achebe 70). This quote is a perfect example of Okonkwo’s obsession with power. Having had a littl e taste of power by getting ready to rebel, Okonkwo becomes very excited and could not sleep. Also, theShow MoreRelatedChinua Achebe s Things Fall Apart1410 Words   |  6 PagesTeddy Manfre Ms. Blass ENG 209-001 April 24, 2017 Things Fall Apart In 1958, Chinua Achebe a famous Nigerian author publishes one of his most famous novels Things Fall Apart. The novel takes place in a Nigerian village called Umuofia. During the time that this novel is published Nigeria is being criticized by the Europeans for being uncivilized. In response, Achebe uses his brilliance in this novel to express the valued history of his people to his audience. His focus in the novel is on the pre-colonizedRead MoreThe European Imperial And Colonial Influence On Nigeria1293 Words   |  6 Pages The European imperial and colonial influence on Nigeria was tremendous and ended up hurting the tribal traditions in the area. This is evident in books like Things Fall Apart and Death of a King’s Horseman where the traditions of the tribes were weakened by the through the British rules and laws. For example, in Death of a King’s Horseman, the play opens on Elesin needing to commit suicide based on the tribal traditions. However, the British offi cial in the area viewed it as a barbaric and primitiveRead More Notion of Balance in Things Fall Apart by Achebe Essay1634 Words   |  7 PagesNotion of Balance in Things Fall Apart by Achebe The notion of balance in Achebes novel is an important theme throughout the book. Beginning with the excerpt from Yeatss poem, The Second Coming, the concept of balance is stressed as important, for without balance, order is lost. In the novel, there are many systems of balance which the Ibo culture seems to depend upon. It is when these systems are upset that things fall apart. Okonkwo, the Ibo religion, and ultimately, the Ibos autonomyRead MoreThings Fall Apart-Notion of Balance Analysis1633 Words   |  7 PagesNotion of Balance in Things Fall Apart The notion of balance in Achebes novel is an important theme throughout the book. Beginning with the excerpt from Yeatss poem, The Second Coming, the concept of balance is stressed as important, for without balance, order is lost. In the novel, there are many systems of balance which the Ibo culture seems to depend upon. It is when these systems are upset that things fall apart. Okonkwo, the Ibo religion, and ultimately, the Ibos autonomy were broughtRead MoreOkonkwo Character Analysis1907 Words   |  8 PagesThings Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Okonkwo is a wealthy and respected warrior of the Umuofia clan. Umuofia is one of the nine clans that are connected. The village consists of Igbo people in the African country of Nigeria. His fame became solely from personal achievements. Okonkwo was much unlike his father who was poor, a debtor, and basically a failure to his people. When his father died all, he took with him was debts that were never paid. In the village of Umuofia, a man is judged accordingRead MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words   |  518 Pagesvocabularies are based on the same list that Thomas uses in his Specimens of languages from Southern Nigeria (1914), in which he gives lists from 26 dialects of Igbo and closely related languages. Part V (1914) consists of Addenda to IboEnglish dictionary; apart from corrections to Part II, this volume adds a large amount of material from the Asaba dialect. In general, Thomass material is extensive, but inadequately transcribed and analysed. The CMS mission at Onitsha under took the collection of a considerable

Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Descriptive Essay - It s Quiet - 921 Words

It’s quiet. No screams of pain, no cries of terror, no Trion Warriors bombarding the gate. Rare are the days Calvaria experiences this: when the war is at a stalemate and neither side dares to attack. It’s the brief, unnerving calm before the storm starts up once again, relentless and everlasting. Back then, it was like this as well, but back then, you were not alone. Before your entire world changed, there was also a fleeting moment of peace. A respite for the weary soul. You, along with Vittarno and Izukacha, had arranged a birthday party for Yuma. It was surprising, really, how well the timing worked out. If Spinthir hadn’t paused their attack to wait for supplies, Yuma’s birthday would have passed unnoticed, lost in the echos of war. Somehow, Vittarno managed to â€Å"borrow† enough rationed ingredients for Izukacha to bake a cake - not without gently scolding him first, of course. You had gathered small trinkets and cards from people around the base, and had procured a small gift basket for the birthday boy. Yugo sent his well-wishes, but he was too busy with war preparations to attend (Later on, you heard a rumor going around saying he gave new trigger to his son that night to make up for his absence. A weapon as a birthday gift. Typical Yugo.). Yuma, not a huge fan of surprises, knew about the party beforehand and was ready by the time you went to call for him. It was a small affair, barely worth remembering if it wasn’t for the fact that it was the last partyShow MoreRelatedMy Rhetorical Analysis: Why Dont We Complain? Essay967 Words   |  4 Pagespleading the 5th really the best policy when confronted with a potentially awkward situation? The reasons why many Americans choose not to take advantage of their freedom of speech still remains a mystery. â€Å"Why Don’t We Complain?†, published in the 1960’s by William F. Buckley Jr., an educated editor, writer and television host, is an attempt to persuade his audience that they are reluctant and hesitant about speaking up when faced with circumstances that demand our attention. If we desire an alternativeRead MoreThematic Groupings of Essays1554 Words   |  6 PagesGroupings of Essays The three essays selected have several key traits in common. Among the traits shared, each piece is written by a woman. Each essay expresses both a single aspect and the general experience of being a woman in a western patriarchal society. Additionally, each piece of writing is specifically divided into sections by theme, by style, and sometimes by formatting. This essay will examine the essays as a group and specifically take note of the divisions within each essay. How a writerRead MoreConflict of Convictions1695 Words   |  7 Pagesimpossible† (4). Later in the essay, as Orwell acknowledges â€Å"I rounded the hut and saw a man’s dead body sprawling in the mud. He was an Indian, a black Dravidian coolie, almost naked, and he could not have been dead many minutes† (6). Orwell is describing his overwhelming experience as a colonial police officer in Burma during the 1920’s. The School Days of an Indian Girl, the nonfiction element of characterization is depicted as Zitkala-Sa starts out in the essay by describing â€Å"We had anticipatedRead MoreServing in Florida Analysis Essay1742 Words   |  7 Pagesvarying sentence structure, Barbara Ehrenreich’s essay â€Å"Serving in Florida† reflects upon her hardships faced as a laborer receiving minimum wage in modern day America. Made evident through the use of logic, Ehrenreich establishes her credibility and creates a trustworthy bond between herself and the readers, allowing them to feel the pain she has felt as a blue-collar employee. The logic is, specifically, sensed through the footnotes of the essay. The very fact that she has footnotes establishesRead MoreEssay on Romantic Era: Time of a New Time1656 Words   |  7 Pagesabout nature and shows his appreciation of nature. It really emphasizes and shows how he appreciated the little things in nature and shows how he sees nature. It also shows an example of how descriptive and in tune he is with his surroundings. â€Å"It is a beauteous evening, calm and free, The holy time is quiet as a nun Breathless with adoration; the broad sun Is sinking down in its tranquility; The gentleness of heaven broods oer the sea: Listen! the mighty Being is awake, And doth withRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s The Cask Of Amontillado1559 Words   |  7 Pagesplots. Poe created cruel and unusual tones in his stories. In his poem â€Å"The Raven†, he creates a very bland and mysterious tone by the way he describes his surroundings. He uses words like bleak and dreary to describe the forefront of the narrator s home. Poe also creates a tone of despair when mentioning the narrator’s lost love. He uses terms such as sorrow and sad to describe how the narrator feels about losing his love. The way he uses these terms in the poem seems to give the reader imageryRead MoreAnalysis Of Emily Dickinson s Song Of Myself1796 Words   |  8 Pages(1830-1886) and Walt Whitman (1819-1892) are both considered as founder of the modern American literature. The essay will be focused on an extract of the Chant 33 from the 1881 edition of â€Å"Song of Myself†. In â€Å"Song of Myself† we see that Whitman wants to combine the democracy and the individual but in his 1855 s preface, he advocates simplicity: â€Å"Nothing is better than s implicity.†1 This essay will also analysed the poem 668 extracted from The Complete Poems Of Emily Dickinson published in 1975. SoRead MoreRealism In Life In The Iron Mills1604 Words   |  7 Pagesinfluences the actions of people and their relationships. However, no matter what genre is specifically chosen, there will be other genres present that contradict the genre of choice. While the novella shows romanticism, naturalism, and realism, this essay is specifically centered around realism. The ultimate theme in Rebecca Davis’ Life in the Iron Mills is the separation of classes and gender. It is the separation of classes when the people in the iron mills are considered lower class are strivingRead MoreEssay Postmodernism in Heaneys Poems Bogland and Tollund Man2841 Words   |  12 Pagesand used them in his poems. It also discusses about Heaneys essay on a poem called The Bog People by P.V Globe. Chapter three is about the poem The Tollund Man and refers it to the deadly and violent features existing in The Bog People. It discusses how the corpses from ancient world and primitive customs present themselves to the poem. Its also about the strangeness in todays conditions and how Heaney changes his descriptive statements and emotional account into images in his poetry. ItRead MoreHow Does A Middle Paragraph Differ From The Structure Of An Introductory Paragraph? Essay6292 Words   |  26 Pageswrite, longer paragraphs force the writer to think more, so that they will be able to cut out the parts that are unnecessary in the future. 4. In what way does the structure of a paragraph resemble the structure of a full essay? a. The structures of a paragraph and a full essay are similar because they both include a beginning, a middle, and an end. 5. What is the function of the first sentence in a paragraph? a. The first sentence in a paragraph is the topic sentence, which tells the reader about

Sunday, December 22, 2019

The Abc Of First Aid Essay - 1472 Words

INTRODUCTION This coursework requires me to explain about the concept of ABC, how it’s applied in casualty management as well as the unconscious patient, the causes of unconsciousness and many others. My first approach I will define ABC then I will do other requirements. The ABC of first aid is a mnemonic designed to help people remember how to respond to an emergency situation in which someone is injured. There are many other mnemonics and variants, but it is probably the most useful one for lay people to remember. The letters stand for Airway, Breathing, and Circulation, also referred to as the vital signs. If all of the vital signs are monitored and addressed, a patient has a much better chance of surviving until trained help arrives. UNCONSCIOUSNESS - FIRST AID Unconsciousness is when a person is unable to respond to people and activities. Doctors often call this a coma or being in a comatose state. These are some Common causes of unconsciousness: a car accident , severe blood loss, a blow to the chest or head, a drug overdose, alcohol poisoning but person may become temporarily unconscious (faint) when sudden changes occur within the body. Common causes of temporary unconsciousness include: low blood sugar, low blood pressure, syncope (loss of consciousness due to lack of bloodShow MoreRelatedIntermediate Accounting Sample Test1722 Words   |  7 Pageson this exam will be a grade of 0 for this examination. Academic dishonesty includes giving aid to or receiving aid from another student during this exam. 6. No hats. No cell phones I certify by signing below that I have neither given nor received aid in completing this examination. Signature Date I. Accounting Concepts 20 points. A. Accounting Change. ABC Company has been using specific identification inventory method. However, it has grown and hasRead MoreThe No Child Left Behind1287 Words   |  6 Pagesworking-class youth (Fine, M. et al, 2007). The ABC Project Since 1963, â€Å"A Better Chance† program (the ABC Program) has been opening the door for the low-income students, who lacked funds paying for elite schools in the U.S. Most of the beneficiary are the young people of color between grade 6 and grade 12, and this program is becoming a life-changing opportunities for them, especially for those who have higher academic performance in schools. The â€Å"ABC† program provide summer-camp rewards, as wellRead MoreCompany Analysis : Company Abc1347 Words   |  6 PagesChapter I: Introduction Company ABC is a manufacturer that supplies their product across the United States. The second generation of this family-owned company operates its headquarters in a small town in Central Wisconsin and currently employs over 1,200 people, including about 50 sales representatives spread from coast to coast. The headquarters is nestled in a small town that has a shrinking labor force. This is an alarming thought when employers are already struggling to fill open positionsRead MoreAids : The Age Of Aids943 Words   |  4 Pages1. Throughout the Age of AIDS film many topics that were related to AIDS were brought up that I did not know anything about before. I did not know that there could so many strings attached to a disease and have such an influence in people’s lives whether it was negative or positive. The first scene in the movie I thought was powerful was the scene where kids with HIV were forced to leave school due to the fear of the parents and the ignorance they had back then about not understanding how HIV wereRead MoreHiv Prevention And The Prevalence Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus1573 Words   |  7 Pages HIV Prevention in Papua New Guinea and Australia Diana L. Brown HCM350 – History of Healthcare Worldwide Colorado State University – Global Campus Dr. Evelyn Shinn April 30, 2015 The emergence of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and the prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the early 1980s initiated widespread global panic, but not every nation took action to combat the pandemic. Control of this relatively young disease process has been addressed in differentRead MoreComparison of Two Crisis Intervention Models1452 Words   |  6 Pagesthe underlying problems and introduce possible solutions. To fully understand the best approach requires comparing crisis intervention techniques. This will be accomplished by: examining two different crisis intervention models and psychological first aid strategies. Together, these elements will highlight the most effective tactics for reaching out to individuals who are suffering from substance abuse. A Comparison of Two Crisis Intervention Models (Literature Review) The ACT Model The AssessmentRead MoreThe Soaring Costs Of Health Care1624 Words   |  7 Pagesthe total costs for the resources utilised by the patient and not at department level. The activity based costing (ABC) has the basic characteristic to seek to lower the misrepresentation generally occurred by the incorrect allotment of indirect cost acquired in traditional process (Stefano Filho, 2013). Activity-based costing (ABC) is a costing methodology that identifies activities in an organization and assigns the cost of each activity with resources to all productsRead MoreThe Abc Costing System Is A Technique For Cost Management1248 Words   |  5 PagesThesis Statement The ABC costing system is a technique in cost management. Activity Based Costing aims to reduce costs while at the same time enhancing product quality. Managers use ABC to identify how resources uses cost differently and then determine areas which need continuous improvements. When a unit is produced, unit level activity is done. After a whole batch is doe every time, batch level activity is undertaken for the company. For effective production process, we allow facility sustainingRead MoreIsaiah Bouromphongsa . 2Nd Hour. Mrs. Klaren. 4/12/17.1013 Words   |  5 Pagesone another. Symptoms of Ebola usually start between two days and three weeks. The first symptoms of Ebola are often a fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headaches. Vomiting, diarrhea, and rash usually come after the first set of symptoms. There is also a decrease of function in the liver and kidneys. â€Å"If a healthy person were placed on the other side of a room from a person who was sick with AIDS, the AIDS virus would not be able to drift across the room through the air and infect the healthyRead MoreWhy Chloride Is Important For The Transport Of Negative Anions Across The Cell Membrane1516 Words   |  7 PagesATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that is responsible for proper fluid transport across the epithelial membrane of various cells within body tissues such as the lungs, liver, digestive tract, and reproductive tract. Mutations in the protein sequence of CFTR are characteristic of the disease cystic fibrosis, a disease where improper or absent ion movement decreases the flo w of water across exocrine epithelial cells causing mucus and other secretions to be unusually thick. As an ABC protein, CFTR conforms

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Reflective Journal Free Essays

string(52) " is linked with positive motivation and vice versa\." Summary Reflective Overview Introduction The first reflective learning journal I worte has bad achievement, since I was confused to write it with no direction and also I did not ask for help. However,the significant point is that I have learnt a lot from the first journal,not only knowing the structure of journal, but I also learn how to assess and improve my personal skills and interpersonal skills. From now on,I pay attention to the second reflective journal from week 4 to week7. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflective Journal or any similar topic only for you Order Now I think I will obtain a lot of useful knowledge after following the pedagogical approach. The Flashback of learning during the course Week 4 Assess To assess where the level of competency in problem solving ,creativity and managing conflict lay I drafted a questionnaire which comprised of, filling in the scores of the skill assessment from the chapter 3and 7 of Developing Management Skills ( David A. Whetten Kim S. Cameron 2011). This data was compiled in the textbook for easy reference. Rather than making all of my conclusions based on empirical data I also used my observations from performance. Having reviewed the data from the textbook of my questionnaire and realising I am lack of competency in problem solving and managing conflict,but have good creativity. Learn When I studied in the fourth week, I found the lecture always discussed the cases which we should read before, we had to solve problems from the cases and reflected on our experiences. It looked the students work in collaborative groups to solve open-ended problems. The role of the lecture was extremely like a facilitator. We have to collaborate and take responsibility for the group. We have to organize the learning process by ourselves and create a solution together. According to managing creativity and conflict in projects, I learnt new to me there were two types of problem solving-analytical and creative problem solving and four steps of problem solving- define the problem, generate alternative solutions, evaluate and select an alternative, implement and follow up on the solution( David A. Whetten Kim S. Cameron 2011). I think it is benefits to assist me in solving problems reasoningly and effectively, rather than facing are complicated, multifaceted and ambiguous. Moving to the theory of conceptual blocks inhibit creative problem solving, I am confused that complacency includes noninquisitiveness. I realize that I do not ask questions while solving problems since I lose confidence to look for answers without complacency. Moving to interpersonal conflict, the one of major reasons is creative problem solving. During the class, the lecture supported conflict, however, I did not totally agree this point. For example, if group members face conflict and cannot manage well, the results will break the relationships, leading to negative influence on their performance. On the other hand, I also learnt several sources of conflict, such as personal differences, informational deficiencies, role incompatibility and environmental stress, which I have experienced or have seen in the society. Sometimes, I chose to avoid the conflict. Actually, it was good and bad behaviors regarded to different kinds of people when I managed the conflict. I seldom picked other ways, such as forcing, compromising, accommodating and collaborating. Analyse I noticed that integrating and accommodating were two main strategies for managing interpersonal conflict employed by our team members. While this looked like as a kind of strength than some teams, whereas it was a weakness in our case. Rather than dealing with our problems and differences out in the open, we avoided open conflict and defused situations as they arose. When defining a problem,my insight seemed too narrow and seldom catched the major step. I noticed Irish students were confident and creative to solve problems when we discussed about assignments. They avoided the conceptual blocks of creative problem solving to achieve better performance. I admired their competencies in problem solving. But they seemed to be confident evolving into forcing me. I thought my own character tended to avoid conflict, so I might keep quiet when my idea was not accepted. And other two Asian students in my team also tended to integrate and accommodate. This led to delaying the storming stage of our team’s development and thus had a shortage on our team’s performance. Practice We communicated with Irish students about the situation, they also noticed that we were lack of managing personal conflict in our team. We decided to open thoughts sharing with each other whether wrong or right when we discuss the group assignment facing problems. Then each member needed to provide evidence so that others totally accepted. The aim of the strategy was implemented to improve each person’s competency in problem solving and increase positive conflict. The effect of the approach would achieve in the next group meeting. Apply Indeed,I prepare to become a more effective problem solver, both analytical and creative, which is a good direction that promoting relationship and communication among team members. I provide effective strategies immediately when the team faces problems. Moving to manage personal conflict,I think I cannot be passive when communicating with team members. Although my idea may not the best or most useful,I should fulfil confidence and raise my thoughts, that is also the reason why I further study to improve my profession. Week5 Assess To assess where the level of competency in motivating others,empowering and delegating lay I drafted a questionnaire which comprised of, filling in the scores of the skill assessment from the chapter 6and 8 of Developing Management Skills( David A. Whetten Kim S. Cameron 2011). This data was compiled in the textbook for easy reference. Rather than making all of my conclusions based on empirical data I also used my observations from performance. Having reviewed the data from the textbook of my questionnaire and realising I am lack of diagnosing poor performance and enhancing motivation,as well as empowerment and delegation. Learn Turning to the theory of motivation, I found that good performance is linked with positive motivation and vice versa. You read "Reflective Journal" in category "Essay examples" The purpose of this week I noticed to learn diagnosing poor performance. After learning, I realized that ability was also needed to consider with motivation when diagnosing work performance problems. A person’s lack of ability might inhibit good performance ( David A. Whetten Kim S. Cameron 2011). Therefore, I noticed that the former role was enhancing individual’s abilities before fostering a motivating work environment among achieving better performance. I could comprehend the definition of empowerment, but I wondered if the empowerment was a kind of motivation. Because providing freedom for people to do what they want to do rather than the power, I thought it was a kind of reward belonging to motivation. Researchers claimed that the lack of courage to delegate properly, and of knowledge of how to do it, is one of the most general causes of failures in organizations ( David A. Whetten Kim S. Cameron 2011). I noticed that it was significant process that when people empowered to delegation, effecting the development of group performance. Analyse There was a negative effect on our team performance due to differences in ability and language skill. When there was a division of work, some team members could proceed with their own tasks, but some require to give direction. The problem was not that people did not ask for it when previewing the requirement of assignment, it was only at later stages of assignments that they realised assistance was required. This led to some parts of work needed to be redone within the shortage of time. I was always one of group members and needed to assistance while doing the assignment. Indeed I could comprehend the guideline of assignment, so I did my part of assignment following my thoughts. However, some group members denied my contributions and needed to follow their directions, but I actually did not understand their meaning whether I seemed to be lack of English language or ability. I wanted to contribute my work on our group, but the boundary of some opinions might be too narrow. Practice To better develop performance among our group, we decided along with each person to discuss the guideline of assignment before dividing each part of group work. Due to language problems, we did not speak to each other instead of writing key points down, avoiding misunderstanding and wasting time. On the other hand, we chose one of group members who spoke with less accent and others could listen clearly, so the one seemed to be a delegator, assisting other members to exchange opinions when each member could not understand meaning. The effect of the approach would achieve in the next group meeting. Apply Regarding to improve our group performance, I have to enhance my individual’s ability whether language skills or learning ability, before the team leader motivate members. Otherwise, the lower ability can not implement motivation effectively. In addition, I need to expand the scope of communication and contacted with different kinds of foreigners, which is an efficient way to improve my language level and is familiar to their accents. The learning ability is required to foster in the existing experiences, I may ask some hard-working classmates to share learning skills. Week6 Assess After I learnt the subject of developing management skills and went on writing reflective learning journal for 5 weeks, we made a sense of weakness then adopting the way of creativity problem solving, it seemed to have great progress. On the other hand, I fostered own ability in problem solving, and I could come up an idea to share my group members when confronted with unslovable problems. We had different opinion for one topic then we implemented positive conflict, rather than keeping avoiding, compromising and accommodating. From my observation, each member had improved their personal ability when we discussed the assignment, like me, I did not have more extra assistance to understand the direction of my part of work. Learn Besides learning the behavior of problem solving, managing conflict and motivation, the effective team to be designed required other key components, such as good communication, mutual trust, effective leadership,negotiating skills and so on. I found that it was useful to help the situation, when tasks required multiple skills, judgment, and experience among designing effective team. I also noticed that not all designed teams met effective outcomes, the risky would occur when individual employee resistance to teams is strong. Where the national culture is individualistic rather than collectivist. When an established organization places high values on and significantly rewards individual achievement (Leigh L. Thompson,2011). By the way ,I was confused that the textbook indicated that group-serving was one of elements in the theory of are we a team. What belonged to group-serving. Analyse We had such poor time management in our group due to a lack of communication. We failed to sit down and agree on the same opinions when assessing the assignment. This led to not only various styles of answering but also various quantities of work within these answers, which led to additional stress to put on some team members and development of some latent conflict. In our second written assignment, even though we felt we had addressed the issues, we still faced to re-scheduled meetings due to a lack of communication. We made full use of our time to plan our next two group assignments since we had no assignments due on a week. Then we looked busy to have group meetings and everything seemed to be on schedule. Practice To improve communication and time management, we decided no longer leave a meeting until every team member had clearly written down their work assignments and that we all understood what was expected from us. Then we picked a messaging application for phones-WhatsApp, which everyone could get free of charge. While we also decided to send email to communicate each member and required every member to switch email to their own mobile phones. It was convenience and fast way to check emails rather than logging on the laptop. We would look for all the different tools and selected the one which best fulfilled our needs. That helped team members would be instantly available for discussion or assistance. Apply I need to foster my communication skills, which has effect on relationship and trust, as well as group performance. At first time, I should enhance my listening skills, sometimes I find it hard to concentrate on some speakers, I will try repeating their words over in my head, the way reinforce their messages and help me stay focused. Week7 Assess To assess where the level of competency in building effective teams lay I drafted a questionnaire which comprised of, filling in the scores of the skill assessment from the chapter 9of Developing Management Skills (David A. Whetten Kim S. Cameron 2011). This data was compiled in the textbook for easy reference. Rather than making all of my conclusions based on empirical data I also used my observations from performance. Having reviewed the data from the textbook of my questionnaire and realising I am lack of competency in building effective teams. I think my necessity and primary mission is the way to foster an effective and motivated team member in a group at current learning. Learn I found I was still confused that the difference between a group and a team. The textbook stated that seemed the scope of team was more widely than the group. In addition, I thought there was new to me that the theory of three key skills to high performing team performance, that is diagnosing and facilitating team development, leading a team and being an effective team member. Suddenly,I realized that it was a difficult task to perform team performance. I was interested in diagnosing and facilitating team development. This skill stated that forming, norming,stroming and performing formed the stage of team development. From my observation, these four stages had significant influence on team development. Analyse At the beginning of forming our team, I found that the dominant culture was individual, rather than collectivist. There was no output interaction, and it was evident that there was absolutely no team spirit. When we decided the suitable time for the next group meeting, some members always delayed time without informing, the situation seriously affected other members’ hours. This led to delay the forming stage of team development, therefore the rest of stages also would be effected. As we knew, the time was important to the team so that was also a reason we almost submitted the assignment before the early deadline. Each member explained that problems had arisen repeatedly but that no one ever took the time to investigate or to solve the matters, since we lacked synergy among the team. Practice We planned to build our team spirit was a prerequisite for teamwork. Generally, we totally agreed to set the scope of time, each member attended the meeting ,who may be late about maximum 10min. If someone could not attend on schedule, he or she should inform other members before starting the meeting. Then other members would recode key points after the absentee catched the work schedule. Apply I think the theory I have learnt is meaningful for me and my team. That is we should adequately implement the four stages of team development to meet better group performance, depending on how effectively the members developed and utilize their communication skills. The team spirit is the prerequisite for teamwork, which is building mutual respect and trust included in the stage of forming, rather than individualism. Next step is fostering commitment to a vision and overcoming tendencies toward groupthink that can occur in the norming stage. Then storming stage pays attention on managing conflict since our team tends to positive conflict, instead of integrate and accommodate behavior. I believe a high-performing team will be achieved if our team carries out these steps. Conclusion I improve my reflective learning journal based on the lecture feedback. For example, the lecture wrote that my reflective learning journal did not follow the learning cycle when reflecting on the material each week, so while writing about weekly reflective learning journal following the pedagogical approach. I find the pedagogical approach provided opportunities for me to apply and develop my process skills to find out things for myself. I am thankful for an appropriate method particularly about writing reflective learning journal. I could express my whole idea freely on it. I would see it as the most effective and appropriate tool for a quiet student like me. It is very beneficial to me because with this reflective journal, I will be able to evaluate my mistakes in the past and to reduce the same istakes or potential mistakes in the future. I would also see reflective learning journal or reflective thought is an effective way to improve my performance. Therefore, I will adopt and apply it for the next couple of weeks. I think that the 4 weeks ‘investment’ in this course has made me received my big dividends which are obtaining the new way of thought in using reflective journal, understanding the importance of teamwork and how to improve the team performance, as well as how to become a creative problem solver. I learnt the importance of being active at the very beginning of lecture’s session which may result in obtaining the other students’ trust to speak on behalf of them. As a team, I found it easier to accomplish complex tasks since we enhance each ability then divide the tasks about who is responsible for what. We also had learning cell which initially made me learn how to collaborate with each other and to work as a team. Reference David A. Whetten and Kim S. Cameron (2011), Developing Management Skills,Eighth edition, USA: Pearson Prentice Hall. Leigh L. Thompson (2011),Making the Team, 4thedition,International:Pearson Prentice Hall. How to cite Reflective Journal, Essay examples Reflective Journal Free Essays string(111) " to some alarming sexual health phenomenon, for instance the declining age of the patients of cervical cancer\." Lecture 3 1. Did you learn anything in the session or reading material that surprised, impressed, or shocked you? If so what? And why did it have that effect on you? During the lecture, Sam introduced the origin of homosexuality. According to two British researchers, Wilson and Rahman, genetic factor is also a determinant of sexual orientation. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflective Journal or any similar topic only for you Order Now I was quite surprised because I used to think that the homosexuality was mainly the result of the environmental factor. For example, some girls were born in a single parent family and the lack of a father makes them feel very protective of their family members. Then, they would take up the role of male and become the support of the family. I always wondered why they had to choose to be a gay/lesbian, who has to go through many difficult times as a result of discrimination by the â€Å"normal people†. I thought the homosexual had a choice to decide who they are. Indeed, I was wrong. I did not realize till I saw the research that some of them were born to be a homosexual. It is not up to them whether they could live an easier life. So, I just learnt that they are just being who they are and it is not their fault to be who they were born to be. I was so shocked by the behaviors of some homophobia. Isolation and teasing are common to the homosexual people. But I never realize that their life is under threat too. I feel sorry for them when I know that some of the minority were executed because of their sexual orientation. 2. How did you respond (as an individual) to Sarah? How are her lived experiences different from yours? Do you think of her sexual orientation as normal or abnormal? .. acceptable or unacceptable? .. different or deviant? .. healthy or sick? Do you believe she is living out a life choice? Be prepared to explain your views Personally I have no special feeling for lesbians because I think there isn’t really a huge difference between us except that they prefer their partner to be a girl but I like guys more. It is similar to the various tastes of different people. Some of them may prefer Japanese cuisine, some other may like Thai more while others may want fast food. Although Sarah has a sexual orientation different from mine, I feel that is absolutely normal. Like I said, it is just a matter of preference. Indeed, for most of the people, the behaviors of the majority eans normal behavior and the rest are regarded as abnormal, which also implies ill deep inside â€Å"normal† people’s mind. Personal judgement is involved. Many people find homosexuality abnormal and unacceptable because their behaviors and sexual orientation are different from the â€Å"normal†. I reckon that so long as the homosexuals are ok with themselves and they do not harm the others, we should not say anything about their personal choice. Why is there such a huge gap of the responses of people towards the choice of the type of food and gay/lesbian’s sexual orientation? It is because those people, in particular typical Chinese, think that the homosexual affects the core value of a family, which is the next generation as they cannot reproduce. So, homosexuality is usually suppressed to allow the extension of families. But then, more and more heterosexuals are choosing not to have babies. Even for homosexual couples, they can extend the family by adopting child. Basically, the collapse of a family should not be an excuse to deter them from staying with someone they love. People need to open up their mind towards variances. Homosexuality is a fact that they cannot deny. It has already existed for a very long period of time, even back in 237AD in the imperial China. May they destroy the flowers and yet they cannot stop the spring. We should accept it to promote harmony in society. After all, homosexual also contribute to society like we â€Å"normal people† do and we should respect them like the way we respect the others. Lecture 4 What can a government do to recognize sexual health as a basic human right According to the World Health Organization, sexual health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. A Government is responsible for upholding its people’s human rights. So, it should carry out both preventive measures and treatment to help to protect sexual health. Currently, our Government is doing well in some aspects of sexual health, for example education of AIDS, provision of support of AIDS patients, sex reproductive health of woman. The action of Government shows its recognition on sexual health as basic human right it upholds. Here are some examples. Concerning sexual health, AIDS has been one of the diseases that catch most attention. It is a destructive disease with no cure at the moment. There are more than 36 million people carrying HIV and 15000 people become infected with HIV in every 24 hours. (Klesius, 2011). 50% of the patients infected with HIV would develop AIDS if there is no proper treatment. Those people’s lives are at stake due to vulnerability and high susceptibility to infections. Being aware of the high infectiousness and the bad consequences of AIDS, the Government has put huge effort in combating the disease through promotion. For example, there are talks for students, imparting the knowledge about AIDS and advertisement on TV about prevention. The effort has been rewarded as the number of newly infected with HIV case has dropped by more than 20% from 2007 to 2011, according to HK Government’s report. Yet, solely education is not enough because the Government has to take care of the infected too. More resources should be allocated to research to find out cure for AIDS, for example, potential HIV vaccines. (Klesius, 2011). Apart from the AIDS, the Government has also reacted to some alarming sexual health phenomenon, for instance the declining age of the patients of cervical cancer. You read "Reflective Journal" in category "Papers" It is now offering subsidies for the injection of HPV vaccines, which offer more than 90% protection for women against HPV types 16 and 18 infections and their related cervical precancerous lesions and cervical cancer. The action marks the Government’s attitude towards sexual health as a basic right. However, protecting people’s physical health is not the sole mission for the Government but also the mental health. So far, it seems to ignore the mental health of the minorities, like LGBT. This is revealed from the failure to fight against the discrimination in society, which hurts their mental health. More effort should be put to protect these minorities. The Government may start by education, not only for students, but also the public through advertisement, talks, forum to let them know more about LGBT and understand them. The Government should take the first step to open up its mind before it can open up the others. What can the LGBT community do to facilitate their sexual rights as human rights Curehelp them to identify what they really are After having learnt about homosexuality and its relevant issues, what can YOU do to help the LGBT community to achieve their basic human rights? The LGBT should be active to fight for and protect their sexual rights. After all, Hong Kong is a relatively conservative society, which is deeply affected by typical Chinese mindset. These sexual rights include the right to express their sexual identity, sexual orientation and equity. Unfairness to LGBT is common in our society. For example, according to Equal Opportunities Commission, people are protected discrimination by Sex Discrimination Ordinance (SDO). It is an anti-discrimination law passed in 1995, which declares discrimination on the ground of sex, marital status and pregnancy, and sexual harassment are unlawful. Both males and females are applicable. Yet, LGBT is not included in the group under protection. Till now, there is still no law against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. This is obviously a kind of unfairness. So, the LGBT should communicate with the Government and express the need to draft the law, probably through media, email, or even demonstration to call for the Government’s recognition of sexual rights as basic human. Yet, the most effective way to facilitate the sexual right is actually to spread the message of equity in society and right the mindset of the public. Discrimination derives from ignorance. It is the misunderstanding of the people that leads to their behaviors. The LGBT community may make videos or organize forum to share their view or experience with the ordinary people, just like what Sarah did. This can facilitate the communication between the two parties and thus a better understanding among the two groups. The Government can also include the topic of homosexuality in sex education. The most important thing is to correct how ordinary people think about LGBT. By then will they stop the discrimination. After learning so much about homosexuality, I think my greatest contribution to achieve their basic human right is to stop discriminate against them. In the past, I belong to one of those ignorant people and felt that they were weird and scared of them. But after learning so much about them, I understand them a bit more. When my family or friends act like what I did in the past, I will explain to them, saying that every one of us should be respected. I hope what I do can influence my family and friends and make them understand the importance of equity, which is the key for harmony. Hopefully, the influence can spread to friends of my friends and eliminate the discrimination against them. Lecture 5 1. Are people born heterosexual or homosexual, or does sexual orientation develop as they grow? ?2. What is the significance of the change of the terms from â€Å"homosexual† to â€Å"gay† to â€Å"queer†/â€Å"tongzhi†? ?3. How does homosexuality relate to identity politics? How does sexuality relate to politics For some homosexual people, their sexual orientation is inborn. A scientist D. F. Swaab found that a portion of the hypothalamus of the brain of homosexual male was structurally different than a heterosexual brain and hypothalamus is the portion of the human brain directly related to sexual drive and function. (Johnson. 2oo3). This may explain why some people are homosexual. It is just because they are born to be who they are. Yet, I personally believe that the modeling of parents could have some effect on the â€Å"heterosexuals†. They have been implanted with the thought that a boy should always date a girl since they were small and they end up become heterosexual. This is because they are educated to be heterosexual and they simply follow what they are told. However, I think for the majority, which is heterosexual, it is the natural phenomenon. Reproduction can only be carried out by the intercourse of opposite sex and it is the instinct of most human that they look for a partner of opposite sex for reproduction. However, I reckon that the above factors are not the only ones that determine the sexual orientation of people. Affection for the others is derived from his/her appearance, personalities, characters and inner beauty. People are attracted to no matter the same or the opposite sex maybe just due to these factors but not the gene or environment. It is simply a way how human express their love. So it is possible that homosexuality is developed as people grow. The change of terms marks an increasing awareness of people on the issue of homosexuality. In the pas, from 1920 to 1950, â€Å"homosexual†, which is relatively more clinical, was more frequently used and then changed to â€Å"gay† from 1950s onwards and to â€Å"queer† from 1990s till now. This suggests that homosexuality is becoming a topic that more and more people will discuss about. So the terms people are using are becoming less and less professional but more like a common language. It also reveals an increasing openness of society. This is because in the past the issue was severely suppressed that ordinary people could hardly touch. Now, people are more and more open-minded and the issue is not something prohibited anymore for most of the countries. So, the change of use of terms also represents a change of attitude towards homosexuality. Sexuality is related to politics in terms of the image of the leaders. Most of the leaders appeared to be heterosexual. But being homosexual is seen as being abnormal by most of people. Even leaders are homosexual, they seldom reveal it because this will imply the end of the life in politics. In addition, leaders are trying to be very careful about their personal sexual affairs because it is a potential threat to their power, just like the scandal of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. People, especially in a society of Chinese, do not only look at one’s ability to lead but also the impact of their personal matters on society. What the leaders do will have a profound impact on society because they are the ones who lead the people. Being heterosexual is a sign of being normal. People do not say it but this is what they think. To avoid a negative impression, â€Å"being normal† in terms of sexual orientation is what leaders do. Reference: Asia Times Online. (2011). In Hong Kong, a quiet advance for gay rights. Retrieved from http://www. atimes. com/atimes/China/MG15Ad01. html Centre of Health Protection. Cervical Cancer. (2011) Retrieved fromhttp://www. chp. gov. hk/en/content/9/25/56. html Equal Opportunities Commission. n. d. ). Sex Discrimination Ordinance and I. Retrieved from http://www. eoc. org. hk/eoc/GraphicsFolder/showcontent. aspx? content=Sex%20Discrimination%20Ordinance%20and%20I Johnson, R. D. (2003). Homosexuality: Nature or Nurture. AllPsych Journal. Klesius, M. (2011). Search for a Cure—AIDS Turns 20. National Geographic magazine. The department of Health. Knowing about HIV. (2 011). Retrieved from http://www. gov. hk/en/residents/health/sexedu/aids. htm Wikipedia. (n. d. ). LGBT rights in Hong Kong. Retrieved fromhttp://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/LGBT_rights_in_Hong_Kong How to cite Reflective Journal, Essays Reflective Journal Free Essays Reflective Journal Detailed description as if to an outsider. Often you will use your journal to record detailed descriptions of some aspect of your internship environment, whether physical, behavioral, or organizational. When you write them, you will not have a clear idea of what you will make of these details, but you will sense that they might be important later. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflective Journal or any similar topic only for you Order Now These descriptions should sound as if you were describing them to someone who was never there. Journals allow you to sound naive. At times you will want to speculate as to why something that you have observed firsthand is as it is. You might derive your explanation from a lecture you have heard, a book you have read, or your own reservoir of â€Å"common sense†. Having posited an interpretation, you will want to continue with your detailed observations on the topic to see if you want to stick with your hypothesis or alter it. Journals allow you to change your mind. Here are a few of the ingredients that go into a keeping a great journal: * Journals should be snapshots filled with sights, sounds, smells, concerns, insights, doubts, fears, and critical questions about issues, people, and, most importantly, yourself. Honesty is the most important ingredient to successful journals. * A journal is not a work log of tasks, events, times and dates. * Write freely. Grammar/spelling should not be stressed in your writing until the final draft. * Write an entry after each visit. If you can’t write a full entry, jot down random thoughts, images, etc. which you can come back to a day or two later and expand i nto a colorful verbal picture. Key questions to answer Describe your experience. What would you change about this situation if you were in charge? How have you challenged yourself, your ideals, your philosophies, your concept of life or of the way you live? Was there a moment of failure, success, indecision, doubt, humor, frustration, happiness, sadness? Do you feel your actions had any impact? What more needs to be done? Does this experience compliment or contrast with what you’re learning in class? How? Has learning through experience taught you more, less, or the same as the class? In what ways? How to cite Reflective Journal, Essays Reflective Journal Free Essays This is an introduction of my experience in a long term care facility. Avoid mentioning the names of agencies and people. Using abbreviations for names such as E. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflective Journal or any similar topic only for you Order Now T. is appropriate. Continue writing using double spacing. Remember to check for spelling and grammar before submitting your journal. You may need to write the journal in one or two draft modes to generate your deeper reflection on your clinical experience. Allow yourself the time and patience to truly reflect on the meaning this has for you. About two pages typed would be enough for reflecting and expressing your deeper thoughts on the description of the clinical experience and how this experience impacts your nursing practice. Remember that each paragraph should have one point and at least three sentences. Other aspects of the paper include a title page and references. Use a title page, especially since your journal is personal. Having the cover of a title page provides privacy and maintains confidentiality. For example, if the document were to be printed and left on a desk, the first page of the journal would not be exposed for a bystander to read. Unless you have a source that you are citing, you do not need to include a reference page but a sample reference is included in this template. Remember that references are double spaced with a hanging indent. Create a header and page number for the second page before you do the title page. Click on Insert Header. Create the header for the second page using the sample above. You will see Header Design Tools. Check the box for â€Å"Different First Page. † Then go back and click on the header section for the first page (title page). Insert the header for the first page and add the page number in â€Å"current position. † Please proof read your work before submitting it. Simple spelling and typing errors become distracting for the reader of your paper. You are used to proof reading but this is just a gentle reminder. Submit the journal electronically under the assignments tab on Blackboard. The instructions for labeling the file and submitting the document are provided. If you have any difficulty with the electronic submission, you might ask a friend or try the submission again. If you still have difficulty, you may print the journal and bring the document to the instructor at the class time that the assignment is due. Please, however, don’t panic. This is part of learning and adjusting to college life. Your instructor will work through the technology with you. How to cite Reflective Journal, Essays Reflective Journal Free Essays One of my strengths is inquiring. I’m usually the one in a group questioning everything like â€Å"How did this happen? † or â€Å"What is the meaning of†¦. † I also like to know a lot of information on a subject before I consider doing anything with it. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflective Journal or any similar topic only for you Order Now I’m a very curious person and sometimes I’ll look at things from a different and new perspective to see what it’s like. I do this because I really enjoy seeing things from new different angles and comparing the two different point of views. This helps me better understand someone else’s view on something.For example if a friend and I are in an argument, I’ll try to wear their shoes and see their side. I also like to know why certain things have importance and value. I point out and question key facts and points to see why exactly it is of such significance. One of my weaknesses is Critical Thinking. I’m alright at it but I know I could do better and could use some improvement. I love thinking; I do it all the time†¦sometimes even too much. I’m great at thinking about problems and solving them. Although sometimes when I read a story or question that is very long and full of ideas, I may get lost in my tracks and not figure out the main point.It becomes a bit challenging for me because I can’t focus on one idea or thought. I think this is because I’m such a curious guy and I keep on jumping from thoughts and conclusion. Another weakness of mine is that I am not a risk taker. I always choose the rational and logical option and never take a little chance on something different. I know sometimes taking a risk pays off big, but unfortunately there are also times when it doesn’t. I’m always curious about what it would’ve been like if I took a risk. I think I never take risks because I fear that if I fail the damage may be hard.I usually take the path that has less damage possible. Another one of my strengths is being very reflective. It’s a very important skill to have because if we never look back at what we have done and the mistakes we have made, we would probably continually make the same mistake. I think I reflect every night before I fall asleep in my bed. I think â€Å"Oh, maybe I shouldn’t have done that,† or â€Å"Yeah that was a funny moment. † I always reflect on my past and on others past. I like to reflect on the past because it helps me see if I made a mistake somewhere so I can keep myself from doing it again.Reflecting helps you see what you’ve missed before, and learn from your past. I know I’m only supposed to mention two strengths but I feel I have another really good one. It’s being a very good communicator. I’m a very social person and I know how speak properly at time and how to explain things if needed. I can also understand someone who doesn’t really explain something great and help them out. I may not use all the correct words but I do get the point across. I enjoy public speaking and entertaining, telling a joke here and there. I do have more strengths and weaknesses but those are my main ones. How to cite Reflective Journal, Essays

Friday, December 6, 2019

Sturt Health Service And Analyzes The Challenges †Free Samples

Question: Discuss about the Sturt Health Service And Analyzes The Challenges. Answer: Introduction: The transition from being a student nurse to a registered nurse is associated with many challenges for a newly graduate nurse. Some of the challenges include handling complex condition of patients, anxiety and heavy workload, lack of access to good mentors and generational diversity in the work place. Communicative problem is also a common problem for newly graduate nurses, which affects their ability to work as a team and engage in collaborative practice (Hofler Thomas, 2016). This report describes the experience of a newly graduate nurse with 6 months registration experience while implementing a quality improvement initiative at Sturt Health service and analyzes the challenges that may experience while leading a team as a newly graduate registered nurse. It also discusses about the strategies to manage the challenge with evidence from literature. Quality improvement activity: As the Sturt Health Service is going for accreditation next year, one quality improvement initiative that needs to be implemented in the hospital includes implementation of hand hygiene protocol to prevent health care associated infection in patient. Implementing clear hand hygiene protocol along with the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is considered necessary because poor hand hygiene practices among health care staff is one of the reason for health care associated infection and poor health outcome in patient (McLaws, 2015). Hence, developing a clear guideline for hand hygiene along with availability of PPE is a necessary step to control infection and promote safety of patient. This quality improvement initiative has the ability to block transmission of contaminants and protect patients from risk of infection during hospital stay. This is also necessary because many variations in hand hygiene practice is seen due to individual and institutional barrier (Ellingson et al., 2014). Some of the barriers to hand hygiene practice among nurses includes giving priority to patient needs than hand hygiene, forgetfulness lack of time for hand hygiene and lack of attitude towards hand hygiene (Sadule-Rios Aguilera, 2017). Hence, the focus is to implement a hand hygiene protocol that is easy for staffs to follow. This will help to achieve the goal of high quality and safe care for patients. Role in leading a team to work on the project: As I, a newly graduate registered nurse with 6 months experience has been asked to lead the team on the quality improvement initiative, I have the crucial role of orienting team members, explaining them the goal of project and allocating task to each team members. This will pave the way for systematically implementing the infection control initiative and making all resources available for the success of the project. As a team leader, creating a culture where inter-professional team members contribute towards the adherence to the hand hygiene practice protocol is considered important. Apart from role allocation and staff management, I will also have the role of developing training plans and budgets for the success of quality improvement initiative. As a leader of the project, my role will be crucial in proper collaboration between team members, inspiring and motivating the team towards the change process and providing the right resource and support to them to achieve the core goal of the project (Regan, Laschinger Wong, 2016). I will inculcate in team members about the values of mutual respect, trust and shared responsibility for client safety to ensure no conflict occurs in the process of implementing hand hygiene protocol. Study on role of leaders in preventing health care associated infection has revealed that successful clinical leaders are able to cultivate a culture of clinical excellence and overcome barriers that impede prevention of health care associated infection (Saint et al., 2010). Challenges in leading the team as a newly registered nurse: As a newly registered leading a team, I may face various challenges in achieving team collaboration and convincing the team regarding the need for change. As a novice nurse, I do not have good management attributes. Hence, managerial challenges will be huge for me. This may act as a major hurdle for me while making team members understand the need for change. Resistance from staffs may arise due to preference for traditional method of infection control. Hence, such issues may delay the process of implementing hand hygiene protocol. At this stage, lack of management qualities will be a major drawback for me. I may also face challenges during negotiation with key stakeholders regarding use of hand sanitizers and PPE by health care professionals. Due to lack of experience as a leader, problem may also occur in delegating task and coordinating different plans as per the protocol directive (Hezaveh, Rafii Seyedfatemi, 2014). Experiencing such issues may also lead to transition shock. Thi s is common for newly graduate nurse when making transition to professional practice. Feelings of frustration, incompetence and dissociating oneself from leadership can hamper my performance as a leader (Ekstrm Idvall, 2015). I need to get over these deficiencies to ensure that the trust that the Nurse Manager has put in me does not go in vain. Strategies to manage the challenges: While implementing the hand hygiene protocol, I am aware that staff resistance will be a major hurdle for me to overcome as a leader. I aim to overcome this issue by properly communicating with staffs regarding the problems they experience in adhering to hand hygiene protocol. After listing down these challenges, the hand hygiene protocol will be made in such a way that all problems or barrier faced by staff in implementing hygiene practice is minimized. For example, health care workers often state that due to heavy workload, they forget to employ hand hygiene practice. In case of this problem, I can suggest the solution of applying visual cues and technology to create a change in culture and behavior towards hand hygiene (Chassin, Mayer Nether, 2015). Hence, when health care staffs will get adequate resource, culture and process to effectively adhere to the protocol, the problem of resistance to the change will be addressed. In addition, to overcome challenges related to poor management skills and delegating with team members, my strategy is not to panic but take support from other experienced staffs. I will talk with my mentor to decide the best steps that can be taken when faced with challenges in implementing the project. To minimize gaps in communication, I aim to use strategies like making eye contact and repetition message to ensure that each team member is clear about their role in the project (Silva et al., 2010). To cope with transition shock, my plan is to stay motivated by engaging in opportunities for leadership development and having the courage to deal confidently with the challenges (Duchscher, 2009). Instead of looking for familiar protective environment, I want to embrace the challenge and learn from it too. Evidence to support strategies to lead team and manage transition shock: To overcome managerial issues in leading the team, I had mentioned about communication strategies and learning about leadership to effectively lead a team. I also mentioned about taking advice from mentors regarding leadership issue. Evidence by Edwards et al., (2015) also suggests that nurses who engage in mentorship programs are able to overcome transition challenges and achieve individual outcome of confidence, competence and stress. I planned to embrace the challenge and take solution oriented steps while leading the team. Daly et al., (2014) also explained that for nurse leaders, having positive leadership quality is necessary. They must be prepared to challenge the status quo and act as effective communicators to develop clinical leaders attributes. Hence, this evidence based strategies will help newly graduate nurse to effectively adapt to new role of leading a team for change. Conclusion: The report discussed about the role of newly graduate registered nurse in leading a team and preparing them for quality improvement initiative of implementing hand hygiene practice at the Sturt Health service. The report gave an insight into challenges faced by newly graduate nurse in leading a team due to lack of exposure to leadership opportunities. Based on identification of several challenges due to lack of leadership skills and transition shock, many strategies were also suggested to overcome these issues. This report gives the lesson that all newly placed registered nurse must focus on embracing challenges and engaging in mentorship program to easily adopt new and responsible role in practice. References: Chassin, M. R., Mayer, C., Nether, K. (2015). Improving hand hygiene at eight hospitals in the United States by targeting specific causes of noncompliance.Joint Commission journal on quality and patient safety,41(1), 4-12, Available at: Daly, J., Jackson, D., Mannix, J., Davidson, P., Hutchinson, M. (2014). The importance of clinical leadership in the hospital setting.Journal of Healthcare Leadership, DOI: Duchscher, J. E. B. (2009). Transition shock: the initial stage of role adaptation for newly graduated registered nurses.Journal of advanced nursing,65(5), 1103-1113, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04898.x Edwards, D., Hawker, C., Carrier, J., Rees, C. (2015). A systematic review of the effectiveness of strategies and interventions to improve the transition from student to newly qualified nurse.International Journal ofNursing Studies,52(7), 1254-1268, DOI: Ekstrm, L., Idvall, E. (2015). Being a team leader: newly registered nurses relate their experiences.Journal of nursing management,23(1), 75-86, DOI:10.1111/jonm.12085 Ellingson, K., Haas, J. P., Aiello, A. E., Kusek, L., Maragakis, L. L., Olmsted, R. N., ... VanAmringe, M. (2014). Strategies to prevent healthcare-associated infections through hand hygiene.Infection Control Hospital Epidemiology,35(8), 937-960, DOI: 10.1086/677145 Hezaveh, M. S., Rafii, F., Seyedfatemi, N. (2014). Novice nurses' experiences of unpreparedness at the beginning of the work.Global journal of health science,6(1), 215, doi:10.5539/gjhs.v6n1p215 Hofler, L., Thomas, K. (2016). Transition of new graduate nurses to the workforce challenges and solutions in the changing health care environment.North Carolina medical journal,77(2), 133-136, doi:10.18043/ncm.77.2.133 McLaws, M. L. (2015). The relationship between hand hygiene and health care-associated infection: its complicated.Infection and drug resistance,8, 7, doi:10.2147/IDR.S62704 Regan, S., Laschinger, H. K., Wong, C. A. (2016). The influence of empowerment, authentic leadership, and professional practice environments on nurses perceived interprofessional collaboration.Journal of nursing management,24(1), DOI: 10.1111/jonm.12288 Sadule-Rios, N., Aguilera, G. (2017). Nurses perceptions of reasons for persistent low rates in hand hygiene compliance.Intensive and Critical Care Nursing,42, 17-21, DOI: Saint, S., Kowalski, C. 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Friday, November 29, 2019

Animal Experiments Essays - Animal Welfare, Animal Testing

Animal Experiments Animal experimentation by scientists can be cruel and unjust, but at the same time it can provide long term benefits for humanity. Animals used in research and experiments have been going on for 2,000 years and keep is going strong. It is a widely debated about topic all over the world. Some say it is inhuman while others say its for the good of human kind. There are many different reasons why people perform experiments and why others total disagree with it. Each year 20 million animals are produce and breed for the only purpose but to be tested on. Fifty-three thousands of animals are used each year in medical and veterinary schools. The rest is used in basic research. The demand for animals in the United States is 50 million mice, 20 million rats, and about 30 million other animals. This includes 200,000 cats and 450,000 dogs. The world uses about 200-250 million animals per year. The problem with working with animals is that they cannot communicate their feelings and reactions. Other people say that they can communicate and react to humans just a well as one person to another. Some of the animals the researchs use are not domesticated which makes them extremely hard to control and handle. The experiments that go on behind closed doors are some of the most horrific things a human could think of too torture somebody or something. Animals in labs are literally used as models and are poked at and cut open like nothing is happening. When drug are tested on animals only one in eight thousand reach the drugstore shelves and are approved by the Food and Drug Administration or FDA. There are numerous tests that animals are put through. Toxicity testing or testing determining if a substance is poisonous or not. Animals are exposed to chemicals through inhalation, ingestion, eye contact, and skin contact. They are induced or other words they were normal until a scientist inject chemicals, microorganisms, or other substances into them to produce a disease or to create symptoms of a specific condition. They are put in cages that are covered in their own feces and excrement in small cramped windowless rooms in a laboratory where they know they are going to die. They are bred to die and thats their only reason they where born on this earth so that the scientists can test the effects of drugs and disease. Scientists actually stand and watch animals die from diseases. They induce hemophilia (excessive bleeding) in dogs, epilepsy (causes seizures) in mice, glaucoma (eye disease) in rabbits, and deafness in cats. There are three main reasons why animals are used in experiments are research on disease, behavior, and education. Research of how the cells function and how disease works. What causes the disease? What can prevent those diseases and how to cure them? Researchs test drugs, chemicals, or products to determine safety and effectiveness. Tested on drugs, discovery new surgery, and to test vaccine or to invent one. They are used in cosmetics to test their efficiency. They are used in the military to test effects of war, radiation, sickness, and impact forces of objects. The behavior of animals and what affects them. How various organisms and organs respond to events of everyday life? It can benefit in education in school and universities. Students dissect and practice on animals in surgery. It trains them in medicine and science teaching anatomy and biology. Humans and scientist can benefit from animal research by finding cures and helping people, but it costs a lot of money and takes away a lot of money from government funding which good go to help the homeless or build shelters. It is and will always be a long debated about subject. On one hand it will considerably help increase the advancements in medicine and science, but on the other hand it is extremely cruel and is one of the most inhuman things to do. The facts are animal experimentation will be going on for some time and theres nothing we can do because it helps people in so many different ways. Animal Science